Infant care in rural Malawi. A prospective study of morbidity and growth in relation to environmental factors.
In connection with the introduction of piped surface water delivered by community taps in a rural area of Malawi, 46 infants were studied prospectively during a 10-month period to monitor infant care and health.
Compared with the reference population, newborn infants generally weighed less and were shorter.
Breastfeeding was universal and appeared adequate for catch-up in weight during the 1st 3 months.
Growth faltering occurred from the age of 3 months when the prevalence of infectious diseases gradually increased and suitable supplementary foods were lacing.
Babies were given highly contaminated water from the 1st days of life, but, in spite of this, diarrhoea was infrequent during the 1st 5 months when respiratory tract infections and episodes of fever were the most common symptoms of respiratory.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Morbidité, Lutte sanitaire, Adduction eau, Malawi, Eau distribution, Canalisation, Pose canalisation, Etude comparative, Prévalence, Eau potable, Diarrhée, Enfant, Age préscolaire, Nourrisson, Croissance, Evaluation, Afrique, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Mortality, Morbidity, Sanitary control, Water conveyance, Malawi, Tap water, Pipe, Pipe laying, Comparative study, Prevalence, Drinking water, Diarrhea, Child, Preschool age, Infant, Growth, Evaluation, Africa, Human, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0314023
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199406.