For 1991 and 1992, 17 states and territories reported 34 outbreaks of disease associated with drinking water, which affected an estimated 17,464 people.
A protozoal parasite (Giardia lamblia or Cryptosporidium) was identified as the etiologic agent for seven of the eleven outbreaks for which an agent was determined; the remaining four were due to hepatitis A, Shigella sonnei, or chemicals.
A lack of treatment or inadequate treatment accounted for the majority of outbreaks, and most (76 percent) were associated with well water.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Pollution eau, Eau potable, Qualité eau, Agent biologique, Epidémiologie, Pathogène
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Water pollution, Drinking water, Water quality, Biological agent, Epidemiology, Pathogenic
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0310651
Code Inist : 001D16A02. Création : 199406.