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  1. Household epidemiology of Cryptosporidium parvum infection in an urban community in Northeast Brazil.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To examine the transmission of Cryptosporidium infection in households with an identified person with cryptosporidiosis.

    Design

    Prospective cohort study.

    Setting

    An urban slum in Fortaleza, Brazil.

    Participants

    Thirty-one households with a child less than 3 years of age (index case) who was positive for Cryptosporidium parvum using acid-fast and auramine-stained stool smears.

    Measurements

    Three stool samples (at 0, 2, and 6 weeks after identification of the index case) and two serum samples (0 and 6 weeks) were collected from each family member in households with an index case of Cryptosporidium infection.

    Results

    Forty-five percent of index cases of Cryptosporidium infection were associated with persistent (>14 days) diarrhea.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Cryptosporidiose, Protozoose, Infection, Cryptosporidium parvum, Sporozoa, Protozoa, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Exploration bactériologique, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Milieu urbain, Parasitose

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cryptosporidiosis, Protozoal disease, Infection, Cryptosporidium parvum, Sporozoa, Protozoa, Epidemiology, Child, Human, Bacteriological investigation, Brazil, South America, America, Urban environment, Parasitosis

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0302009

    Code Inist : 002B05E02B2. Création : 199406.