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  1. Blowing away shot pain : a technique for pain management during immunization.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To study the effect of an active distraction technique on pain in preschool children receiving diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus immunization.

    Design

    Randomized, unblinded controlled study.

    Setting.

    Columbus Public Health Department Immunization Clinics.

    Participants

    One hundred forty-nine 4- to 7-year-old children.

    Intervention

    Children were taught to blow out air repeatedly during the injection, as if they were blowing bubbles.

    Results

    Children who were taught to blow out air during their shots had significantly fewer pain behaviors (P<.04) and demonstrated a trend toward lower subjectively reported pain (P=.06).

    There was no significant difference in the nurse or parent visual analog scale scores.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Douleur, Association, Vaccination, Vaccin associé, Age préscolaire, Enfant, Homme, Soufflage, Air, Expiration, Technique, Distraction, Efficacité

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pain, Association, Vaccination, Mixed vaccine, Preschool age, Child, Human, Blowing, Air, Expiration, Technique, Distraction, Efficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0292978

    Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 199406.