To obtain base line data on incidence, duration, clinical characteristics and etiology of acute respiratory infections (ARI), 276 children from deprived families living in Montevideo were followed during 32 months.
The target population was divided into two groups for the analysis of the results: children aged less than 12 months and those older than this age.
During the follow-up period 1.056 ARI episodes were recorded.
ARI incidence was 5.2 per child/year.
It was 87% higher in infants than in the older group, as was the duration of the episodes.
Most of the diseases were mild.
Tachypnea and retractions were seldom observed, but 12 children were refered to the hospital, and 2 infants died.
Viral etiology was identified in 15.3% of the episodes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Environnement social, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Incidence, Etiologie, Symptomatologie, Pauvreté, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social environment, Epidemiology, Child, Incidence, Etiology, Symptomatology, Poverty, Respiratory disease, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0265947
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.