In Muyinga sector, Burundi, an area with good vaccination levels against measles and recent low incidence of measles, a major outbreak of measles in 1988 raised questions about the efficacy of the immunization programme.
To help answer these questions, we 1) reviewed programme data on doses of measles vaccine administered, vaccine coverage, and measles incidence, and 2) conducted a census of the affected area to examine vaccine efficacy and measles mortality.
We found that between 1980 and 1988 in Burundi, 1) measles vaccine coverage by age 1 had increased from 0% to 55%, 2) the incidence of reported measles cases declined from 12.1/1000 to 6.2/1000, 3) reported measles mortality dropped from 0.18/1000 to 0.08/1000, and 4) the interepidemic period had increased from 25 to 35 months.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rougeole, Virose, Infection, Foyer infectieux, Burundi, Afrique, Epidémiologie, Surveillance sanitaire, Vaccination, Prévention, Enfant, Homme, Efficacité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Measles, Viral disease, Infection, Infectious focus, Burundi, Africa, Epidemiology, Sanitary surveillance, Vaccination, Prevention, Child, Human, Efficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0261620
Code Inist : 002B05C02C. Création : 199406.