Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) has been documented in Indian medical literature since the early nineteenth century, contrary to the popular belief that rheumatic fever (RF) and its sequelae were exclusively prevalent in temperate climates until the early twentieth century.
Rheumatic heart disease has, in the past 50 years, emerged as a major contributor to cardiovascular morbidity in India.
Despite the paucity of clear information regarding secular trends, the few available community surveys indicate that there are at present more than 1 million patients with RHD.
Even a conservative estimate of the incidence of RF suggests that at least 50 000 new episodes occur every year.
Mots-clés Pascal : Rhumatisme articulaire aigu, Streptococcie, Bactériose, Infection, Incidence, Prévalence, Cardiopathie valvulaire, Inde, Asie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rheumatic fever, Streptococcal infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Incidence, Prevalence, Cardiac valvular disease, India, Asia, Epidemiology, Human, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0259787
Code Inist : 002B05B02N. Création : 199406.