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  1. Dynamic model for preventing mental retardation in the population: the importance of poverty and deprivation.

    Article - En anglais

    A dynamic simulation model is used to answer the question, « What is the most effective child health policy initiative for the prevention of mental retardation (MR)? » The impact of medical strategies is contrasted with social interventions to see how they affect the prevalence of MR in the general population.

    The model is based on data from four U.S., Census and California Vital Statistics reports (1960, 1970, 1980, 1990).

    An interstate comparison (California and South Carolina) uses 1990 data.

    The results of the simulations reveal that medical interventions to improve the developmental outcome of low birth weight (LBW) infants did not cause a reduction in the rate of MR in the population after a 24-year trial period.

    In contrast, reducing the proportion of children living in poverty who are exposed to environmental deprivation significantly decreased (10%) MR at the end of the model's time period.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Déficience intellectuelle, Trouble développement, Prévention, Facteur risque, Statut socioéconomique, Pauvreté, Privation, Structure sociale, Politique sociale, Politique sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, Santé mentale, Modèle, Enfant, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Intellectual deficiency, Developmental disorder, Prevention, Risk factor, Socioeconomic status, Poverty, Deprivation, Social structure, Social policy, Health policy, Sanitary program, Mental health, Models, Child, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0246291

    Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 199406.