Preemployment drug screening at The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1989 and 1991.
During identical 2-month periods in 1989 and 1991, all applicants for employment at a major teaching hospital participated in preemployment drug screening.
In 1989, before establishment of a formal preemployment testing program, screening was conducted without identifying information.
Of 593 applicants screened, 64 (10.8%) were confirmed positive for one or more drugs.
Marijuana metabolites were detected with the greatest frequency (35 samples, 55% of positive screens), followed by cocaine (36%), then opiates (28%). In 1991, after a formal preemployment testing program was in place, 365 applicants were screened, and 21 (5.8%) were confirmed positive.
Opiates were most often detected (48% of positive screens), followed by cocaine (38%), then marijuana metabolites (28%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Personnel sanitaire, Embauche, Hôpital, Dépistage, Toxicomanie, Urine, Métabolite, Substance toxicomanogène, Recrutement personnel, Santé mentale, Homme, Etude longitudinale, Préembauche
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health staff, Hiring, Hospital, Medical screening, Drug addiction, Urine, Metabolite, Drug of abuse, Staff recruitment, Mental health, Human, Follow up study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0244859
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 199406.