Ethics committees now exist in most hospitals.
Their recent establishment in many institutions was a response to a 1991 mandate by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO).
Proposed or new legislation in a few states is elevating the status of these committees, either requiring their use in certain cases, allowing them to substitute for judicial review, or granting immunity to those who follow their advice.
Despite these recent JCAHO and legislative developments, it is widely recognized that there is a significant lack of data on the effectiveness of these committees and that committee members often lack the requisite education and skills for effective participation in case consultation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Ethique, Médecine, Système institutionnel, Milieu hospitalier, Aspect juridique, Etats Unis, Contrôle qualité, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ethics, Medicine, Institutional system, Hospital environment, Legal aspect, United States, Quality control, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0236202
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199406.