Psychosocial factors associated with the use of bicycle helmets among children in counties with an without helmet use laws.
We examined the extent to which psychosocial factors, in addition to the presence of a law, are associated with the use of bicycle helmets.
A mailed questlonnaire was completed by 3494 children in fourth, seventh, and ninth grades in three Maryland counties:
Howard County, which had a law requiring child bicyclists to wear helmets and an educational campaign;
Montgomery County, which had an educational campaign but no law;
and Baltimore County, which had neither.
Overall, 19% of the respondents reported having worn a bicycle helmet on their most recent ride.
In a multiple logistic regression, children's use of helmets in all three counties was significantly associated with their beliefs about the social consequences of wearing helmets and the extent to which their friends wear helmets.
Mots-clés Pascal : Utilisation, Casque protection, Bicyclette, Prévention, Traumatisme, Crânioencéphalique, Maryland, Enfant, Véhicule deux roues, Législation, Attitude, Influence sociale, Déterminant, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Use, Crash helmet, Bicycle, Prevention, Trauma, Craniocerebral, Maryland, Child, Two wheel vehicle, Legislation, Attitude, Social influence, Determinant, United States, North America, America, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0234262
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199406.