Sexual behavior, sexually transmitted diseases, male circumcision and risk of HIV infection among women in Nairobi, Kenya.
To study risk factors for HIV infection among women in Nairobi, Kenya, as the epidemic moves beyond high-risk groups.
A cross-sectional case-control study among women attending two peri-urban family planning clinics.
A total of 4404 women were enrolled after giving written informed consent.
Information on risk factors was obtained by interview using a structured questionnaire.
Blood was taken for HIV and syphilis testing, and genital specimens for gonorrhea and trichomoniasis screening.
Two hundred and sixteen women (4.9%; 95% confidence interval, 4.3-5.5) were HIV-1 -positive.
Although risk of HIV was significantly increased among unmarried women and among women with multiple sex partners, most seropositive women were married and reported only a single sex partner in the last year.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Facteur risque, Comportement sexuel, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Circoncision, Partenaire sexuel, Epidémiologie, Kenya, Afrique, Femelle, Homme, Immunodéficit, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk factor, Sexual behavior, Sexually transmitted disease, Circumcision, Sex partner, Epidemiology, Kenya, Africa, Female, Human, Immune deficiency, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0216813
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.