To study risk factors for HIV infection among women in Nairobi, Kenya, as the epidemic moves beyond high-risk groups.
A cross-sectional case-control study among women attending two peri-urban family planning clinics.
A total of 4404 women were enrolled after giving written informed consent.
Information on risk factors was obtained by interview using a structured questionnaire.
Blood was taken for HIV and syphilis testing, and genital specimens for gonorrhea and trichomoniasis screening.
Two hundred and sixteen women (4.9%; 95% confidence interval, 4.3-5.5) were HIV-1 -positive.
Although risk of HIV was significantly increased among unmarried women and among women with multiple sex partners, most seropositive women were married and reported only a single sex partner in the last year.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Facteur risque, Comportement sexuel, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Circoncision, Partenaire sexuel, Epidémiologie, Kenya, Afrique, Femelle, Homme, Immunodéficit, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk factor, Sexual behavior, Sexually transmitted disease, Circumcision, Sex partner, Epidemiology, Kenya, Africa, Female, Human, Immune deficiency, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0216813
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.