A survey of 1659 households in a periurban community in Mexico City was carried out to assess the frequency of and risk factors for inappropriate antimicrobial therapy in acute diarrhea.
The housewife was interviewed to obtain information of the occurrence of diarrhea or use of an antibiotic in the previous 2 weeks by any member of the family.
An antibiotic was used in 37% or 287 diarrheal episodes although only in 5% of all episodes was this therapy indicated, based on the presence of gross blood in stools.
Patients seen by a physician were 6 times more likely to be treated with an antibiotic compared to those who did not consult a physician (p< 0.001).
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Antibiotique, Consommation, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Mexique, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Enquête, Enfant, Homme, Automédication, Prescription médicale, Indication, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Antibiotic, Consumption, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Mexico, Central America, America, Inquiry, Child, Human, Self prescription, Medical prescription, Indication, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0216776
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 199406.