Since 1987 the United States courts have increasingly relied on medical testimony to prosecute women labeled « high risk » for failure to comply with medical advice when their fetuses or babies die.
Drawing on fieldwork in a public prenatal clinic in Northern California, it is argued that risk does not represent scientific certainty.
While the assessment and management of risk is not standardized or consistently applied in the clinic, health care providers and the legal system make decisions as if risk is unambiguous « fact ».
Consequently, labeling poor pregnant women'high risk', impliatly and explicitly makes them accountable if they are unable to change their behavior as prescribed by health professionals.
Mots-clés Pascal : Femme, Gestation, Pauvreté, Analyse risque, Aspect juridique, Soin, Prénatal, Etats Unis, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Woman, Pregnancy, Poverty, Risk analysis, Legal aspect, Care, Prenatal, United States, Human, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0204808
Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 199406.