The effects of cigarette smoking and parity on the development of symptomatic gall bladder disease remain controversial.
These relations have been examined in a cohort of 46 000 women followed for up to 19 years during the Royal College of General Practitioners' (RCGP) oral contraception study.
During follow up, 1087 women were recorded as experiencing their first ever episode of symptomatic cholelithiasis (International Classification of Diseases, 8th revision (ICD-8) 574) or cholecystitis (ICD-8 575).
Smokers were more likely to develop symptomatic gall bladder disease than non-smokers (relative risk 1.19; 95% confidence intervals (95% Cl) 1.06 to 1.34) and there was a significant trend with the number of cigarettes smoked daily (test for trend khi2=7.58, p<0.01).
Mots-clés Pascal : Lithiase, Voie biliaire, Tabagisme, Parité, Femelle, Royaume Uni, Europe, Voie orale, Contraception, Epidémiologie, Homme, Facteur risque, Voie biliaire pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lithiasis, Biliary tract, Tobacco smoking, Parity, Female, United Kingdom, Europe, Oral administration, Contraception, Epidemiology, Human, Risk factor, Biliary tract disease, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0191231
Code Inist : 002B13C03. Création : 199406.