The 461 0-2-year-old children admitted to the paediatric ward of the National Hospital in Niamey over a 2-month period were closely followed up from admission to discharge or death.
The in-hospital mortality rate was 30 per cent, a great proportion of deaths occurring during the first 24 h of hospitalization.
Malnutrition was highly prevalent (76 per cent).
Children referred from other health facilities (72 per cent) did not experience a higher probability of survival.
Using multivariate analysis, three variables remained significantly associated with death: nutritional status, consultation of a traditional practitioner, and a neonate disease.
Neonate diseases are the third major cause of death because of a high case fatality rate.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pays en développement, Facteur risque, Mortalité, Nourrisson, Etude statistique, Hôpital, Spécialité médicale, Pédiatrie, Hospitalisation, Niger, Etiologie, Mort, Homme, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Developing countries, Risk factor, Mortality, Infant, Statistical study, Hospital, Medical specialty, Pediatrics, Hospitalization, Niger, Etiology, Death, Human, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0189876
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199406.