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  1. Occupational asthma and immunologic responses induced by inhaled carmine among employees at a factory making natural dyes.

    Article - En anglais

    Carmine is a natural red dye widely used as a food coloring agent and for cosmetic manufacture.

    It is extracted from the dried females of the insect Dactylopius coccus var.

    Costa (cochineal).

    Although it has been reported that inhalation of carmine may give rise to occupational asthma and extrinsic allergic alveolitis, there is little evidence of its immunogenic capacity.

    We studied nine current employees at a factory making natural dyes and one former employee who had left this plant after occupational asthma developed.

    A current employee had work-related symptoms of rhinitis and asthma that were confirmed by bronchial provocation tests, and another worker had rhinitis.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Réponse immune, Allergie, Colorant, Dactylopiidae, Coccoidea, Homoptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Exposition professionnelle, Inhalation, Usine fabrication, Test radioallergosorbent, Test provocation, Diagnostic, Médecine travail, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, Exploration, Carmin

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Immune response, Allergy, Dyes, Dactylopiidae, Coccoidea, Homoptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Occupational exposure, Inhalation, Factory, Radioallergosorbent test, Provocation test, Diagnosis, Occupational medicine, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, Exploration

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0186181

    Code Inist : 002B06C02. Création : 199406.