Carmine is a natural red dye widely used as a food coloring agent and for cosmetic manufacture.
It is extracted from the dried females of the insect Dactylopius coccus var.
Although it has been reported that inhalation of carmine may give rise to occupational asthma and extrinsic allergic alveolitis, there is little evidence of its immunogenic capacity.
We studied nine current employees at a factory making natural dyes and one former employee who had left this plant after occupational asthma developed.
A current employee had work-related symptoms of rhinitis and asthma that were confirmed by bronchial provocation tests, and another worker had rhinitis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asthme, Réponse immune, Allergie, Colorant, Dactylopiidae, Coccoidea, Homoptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Exposition professionnelle, Inhalation, Usine fabrication, Test radioallergosorbent, Test provocation, Diagnostic, Médecine travail, Homme, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Immunopathologie, Exploration, Carmin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asthma, Immune response, Allergy, Dyes, Dactylopiidae, Coccoidea, Homoptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Occupational exposure, Inhalation, Factory, Radioallergosorbent test, Provocation test, Diagnosis, Occupational medicine, Human, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Immunopathology, Exploration
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0186181
Code Inist : 002B06C02. Création : 199406.