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  1. Research in general practice for smokers and excessive drinkers in Australia and the UK. I: Interpretation of results.

    Article - En anglais

    This review examines the role of the general practitioner in assisting patients to stop smoking and in reducing levels of excessive drinking.

    After over a decade of clinical trials, we discuss what interventions work in general practice and interpret the results of clinical trials conducted predominantly in Australia and the UK.

    Studies have generally found a superiority of GPs' brief advice over non-intervention groups.

    Very brief GP advice results in smoking abstinence rates from 5% to 10%, reduction in alcohol consumption of around 25-35% and reduction in proportions of excessive drinkers of around 45%. The greater investment of GPs' time and the more comprehensive interventions which include follow up usually resulted in higher abstinence rates among smokers from between 20% to 36%, and reduction in proportions of excessive drinkers of up to 60-70%.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Efficacité traitement, Médecin généraliste, Rôle professionnel, Enquête, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Tobacco smoking, Poison withdrawal, Treatment efficiency, General practitioner, Occupational role, Inquiry, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0133022

    Code Inist : 002B18I15. Création : 199406.