The distribution of child mortality has often been misunderstood because of insufficient attention to its context.
High rates of child mortality in developing countries have variously been attributed to child neglect, cultural traditions of child care, population pressure, low maternal educational levels, lack of medical care, and insufficient basic resources.
The model proposed in this article organizes factors leading to high child mortality rates onto three tiers to contextualize the medical causes of death and the debate over traditions of child care.
The proximate tier includes the immediate biomedical conditions that result in death, typically involving interactions of malnutrition and infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Enfant, Modèle, Milieu culturel, Comportement, Soin santé primaire, Aspect économique, Facteur risque, Milieu rural, Mexique, Pays en développement, Homme, Amérique Centrale, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Child, Models, Cultural environment, Behavior, Primary health care, Economic aspect, Risk factor, Rural environment, Mexico, Developing countries, Human, Central America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0110175
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.