A total of 474 patients (216 males and 258 females) with cardiovascular diseases which were followed in the cardiac clinic of the Gondar College of Medical Science Hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia, between 1985 and 1988 were studied.
The commonest form of heart disease in Ethiopans was found to be rheumatic heart disease (42%), had affects mostly young people, who often have advanced valvular lesions.
Hypertension (38.1%) was the second most common cause of heart disease.
It affects mostly young people and 77% of the cases are of essential type.
The incidences of atherosclerotic and congenital heart disease not changed but that of syphilitic heart disease and cardiomyopathy have markedly decreased in the last 20 years.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cardiopathie, Hypertension artérielle, Incidence, Homme, Sexe, Age, Epidémiologie, Hôpital, Ethiopie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Heart disease, Hypertension, Incidence, Human, Sex, Age, Epidemiology, Hospital, Ethiopia, Vascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0232654
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.