The effect of permethrin-treated wall cloths (Mbu cloth) on malaria parasitaemia prevalences and malaria morbidity, was evaluated in a population of over 10,000 for a period of three years in the Marigat area, Baringo District, Kenya.
The use of the treated cloth in 2,000 houses resulted in significantly lower rates of malaria parasite prevalences with an overall reduction rate of 73% (P<0.001) in the treated area.
Control areas had an initial increase in rate of malaria parasite prevalence of 30%and later a reduction of 31%. There was a slight reduction in spleen rates in the control and treated areas but it was not significant for either between the surveys or among the villages.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Epidémiologie, Lutte sanitaire, Permethrin, Imprégnation, Revêtement mural, Morbidité, Kenya, Prévalence, Homme, Drap, Insecticide, Pesticide, Pyréthrinoïde, Efficacité, Evaluation, Moustiquaire, Protozoose, Infection, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Epidemiology, Sanitary control, Impregnation, Wall covering, Morbidity, Kenya, Prevalence, Human, Cloth, Insecticide, Pesticides, Pyrethroids, Efficiency, Evaluation, Bednet, Protozoal disease, Infection, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0232651
Code Inist : 002B30A02B. Création : 199406.