The prevalence of eye signs and symptoms of vitamin A deficiency was determined among 29,615 Sudanese children between 6 and 72 mo of age, in five rural areas of Khartoum and Gezira provinces.
Of all children, 2.9% were vitamin A deficient, and of these >90% had Bitot's spots.
Bivariate associations were found between xerophthalmia and the rural councils where the children lived, household wealth, consumption of vitamin A-containing foods, child sex, child age and weight-for-height Z-scores.
Multivariate analysis showed that the following factors made significant independent contributions to the risk of xerophthalmia: living in remote and arid regions, male gender, age, poverty of the household, and prevalence of diarrhea.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Homme, Soudan, Afrique, Carence vitaminique, Rétinol, Métabolisme pathologie, Malnutrition, Etat nutritionnel, Vitamine, Milieu rural, Statut socioéconomique, Facteur risque, Xérophtalmie, Oeil pathologie, Epidémiologie, Conjonctive pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Human, Sudan, Africa, Vitamin deficiency, Retinol, Metabolic diseases, Malnutrition, Nutritional status, Vitamin, Rural environment, Socioeconomic status, Risk factor, Xerophthalmia, Eye disease, Epidemiology, Conjunctiva disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0229516
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 199406.