Prevalence of infections and use of antibiotics among hospitalized patients in Mauritius. A nationwide survey for the planning of a national infection control programme.
As part of a programme for improving hospital infection control in rnauritius a nationwide survey, including a prevalence study, was carried out in order to identify characteristics of the hospitals, the population, and the infections.
Community-acquired infections were three times more prevalent than nosocomial infections: 15.0% and 4.9%, respectively.
Surgical wound infection was by far the most common nosocomial infection, with a prevalence rate of 8.2 per 100 operations, followed by urinary tract infection with a low rate of 0.8 per 100 admissions.
The survey showed that these hospitals in Mauritius housed mainly a young population (mean of 368 years for females and 39.4 years for males) with few risk factors for acquiring nosocomial infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Voie urinaire, Chirurgie, Antibiotique, Homme, Planification, Plaie chirurgicale, Prévalence, Hôpital, Ile Maurice, Iles Océan Indien, Organisation santé, Infection nosocomiale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Prevention, Urinary tract, Surgery, Antibiotic, Human, Planning, Surgical wound, Prevalence, Hospital, Mauritius, Indian Ocean Islands, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0220839
Code Inist : 002B05A02. Création : 199406.