Different approaches may be considered in the evaluation of past occupational exposures: questionnaires only, questionnaires and experts (such as industrial hygienists or occupational physicians), questionnaires and job exposure matrices (JEM).
These approaches are described in this paper and their use in the framework of population-based case-control studies is discussed.
The use of experts to assess exposure from questionnaires is generally considered to be the reference method.
Its major drawbacks are its cost and the shortage of experienced experts.
On the other hand, JEM reduce the cost of the study and provide an objective way of evaluating exposures.
The main drawback of JEM is the fact that they can produce misclassification.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Rétrospective, Epidémiologie, Méthode étude, Médecine travail, Matrice emploi exposition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Occupational exposure, Human, Retrospective, Epidemiology, Investigation method, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0177897
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 199406.