Mandatory drug testing in the United States.
Hair analysis as a diagnostic tool for drugs of abuse investigation. International meeting. Genoa (ITA), 1992/12/10.
Mandatory drug testing in the United States was initiated by the Army in an effort to control illegal drug use in Vietnam.
Subsequently, following the investigation of a plane crash of the aircraft carrier Nimitz in 1981, the Navy developed a similar program.
In 1986, President Reagan issued an Executive Order prohibiting use of illegal drugs by Federal employees.
The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services was directed to formulate adequate regulations for urine drug testing and to accredit laboratories that could demonstrate their ability to fulfill these obligations.
The National Institute for Drug Abuse (NIDA) was given this responsibility and has instituted a rigorous periodic proficiency testing and laboratory inspection program.
As of November 1992, 91 laboratories were accredited by NIDA.
Mots-clés Pascal : Politique sanitaire, Etats Unis, Organisme réglementation, Toxicomanie, Dépistage, Milieu professionnel, Secteur public, Secteur privé, Prévention, Traitement, Homme, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health policy, United States, Regulatory institution, Drug addiction, Medical screening, Occupational environment, Public sector, Private sector, Prevention, Treatment, Human, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0170468
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199406.