Sodium metabisulfite and SO2 release : an under-recognized hazard among shrimp fishermen.
Since the introduction of sodium metabisulfate as a food presentative, it has been associated with several idiosyncratic reactions (eg, bronchospasm, oculonasal symptoms, and urticaria/angioedema) in sulfite-sensitive individuals.
The pathogenic mechanism of these reactions is not yet understood.
We report the case of two crewmen on a shrimp trawler who were found dead in the ships hold.
Their deaths had occurred while they were applying dry sodium metabisulfite, referred to as « shrimp dip » in the shrimping industry.
Postmortem examinations showed diffuse pulmonary edema consistent with death secondary to asphyxia.
Associated findings were visceral congestion.
Although it is possible to measure death from sodium metabisulfite with available records, its potential morbidity cannot be estimated.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Immunopathologie, Allergie, Médecine travail, Exposition professionnelle, Physiopathologie, Toxicité, Homme, Etude cas, Pêcheur, Soufre dioxyde, Sodium métabisulfite
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Respiratory disease, Immunopathology, Allergy, Occupational medicine, Occupational exposure, Pathophysiology, Toxicity, Human, Case study, Fisherman, Sulfur dioxide
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0166642
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 199406.