A case-control study has been undertaken in a rural area of The Gambia to evaluate risk factors for death from acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) in young children.
On the basis of a post-mortem interview 129 children aged <2 years were thought to have died from ALRI.
These cases were each matched according to age, sex, ethnic group, time and place of death with a child who had died from a cause other than an ALRI and with two live control children.
Cases and controls were well matched.
Comparison of cases and live controls suggested that exposure to smoke during cooking, parental smoking and exclusive, prolonged breastfeeding were associated with an increased risk of death from ALRI whilst sharing a bed with siblings, use of antenatal and welfare clinics and immunization were associated with a reduced risk of death from ARLI.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Appareil respiratoire, Aigu, Mortalité, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Gambie, Afrique, Milieu rural, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Respiratory system, Acute, Mortality, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Gambia, Africa, Rural environment, Respiratory disease, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0152159
Code Inist : 002B11D. Création : 199406.