Cross-sectional morbidity recorded during two successive quarterly survey rounds and subsequent 27-months mortality were studied in a random sample of 4238 preschool children in a rural Zairian area.
Analysis focuses on morbid patterns, i.e. any combination of the principal signs and symptoms encountered in tropical areas (oedema, marasmus, cough, fever, diarrhoea and tachypnoea).
Almost half the children (45-48%) had signs of morbidity, a very high rate.
The 3-6 month age group emerged as particularly vulnerable with the highest prevalences of all morbid patterns except for isolated fever.
Isolated cough was more prevalent in the dry season probably as an effect of nightly indoor woodburning.
Mots-clés Pascal : Morbidité, Mortalité, Enfant, Age préscolaire, Milieu rural, Zaïre, Variation saisonnière, Climat tropical, Prévalence, Homme, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Morbidity, Mortality, Child, Preschool age, Rural environment, Zaire, Seasonal variation, Tropical climate, Prevalence, Human, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0148671
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.