Efficacy of gloves in reducing blood volumes transferred during stimulated needlestick injury.
This study was designed to evaluate factors that affect blood volumes transferred to skin during simulated needlestick injuries in an in vitro paper prefilter model and an ex vivo porcine tissue model.
The effect of needle type and size, penetration depth, and glove use on the volume of radiolabeled blood transferred was determined in each model.
Blood volumes ranged from 0.47+-0.26 muL (30-gauge needle, 0.5-cm depth, in vitro model) to 5.88+-1.45 muL (18-gauge needle, 2.0-cm depth, in vitro model).
Needle size and penetration depth were significantly associated with transfer volume.
Glove material reduced the transferred blood volume by 46%-86% in both models.
Transfer volumes were within the same order of magnitude for all conditions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gant, Prévention, Transmission, Infection, Traumatisme, Peau, Volume sanguin, Aiguille, Etude expérimentale, Sang, In vitro, Hygiène
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Glove, Prevention, Transmission, Infection, Trauma, Skin, Blood volume, Needle, Experimental study, Blood, In vitro, Hygiene
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0137943
Code Inist : 002B05A03. Création : 199406.