Diarrhoeal disease in early childhood : experiences from Sierra Leone.
In the Freetown area of Sierra Leone, the proportion of children under five years of age dying from diarrhoea-associated conditions has decreased since the 1970s from 4% to 3%. This reduction relates to children between 12 months and 5 years; deaths associated with diarrhoeal disease in infancy do not appear to have decreased significantly.
Currently 2% of children die in infancy and a further 1% before their fifth birthday from diarrhoeal diseases.
Thirty-one percent of short-term growth-faltering in children under five years of age is attributed to diarrhoeal disease.
Reasons for improvement in mortality may include the implementation of a National Diarrhoeal Diseases Control Programme and improved case management; some 55% of cases of acute diarrhoea in Freetown now receive oral rehydration therapy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Infection, Enfant, Epidémiologie, Sierra Leone, Article synthèse, Mortalité, Etiologie, Homme, Afrique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Bactériose, Parasitose, Virose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Infection, Child, Epidemiology, Sierra Leone, Review, Mortality, Etiology, Human, Africa, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Bacteriosis, Parasitosis, Viral disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0134528
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.