Comparing the costs of inhaled anesthetics.
The immediate cost of an inhaled anesthetic results from an interplay between four factors: (1) the cost per milliliter of liquid anesthetic, (2) the volume of vapor that results from each milliliter of liquid, (3) the effective potency of the anesthetic (what concentration must be delivered from a vaporizer to provide a clinically appropriate level of anesthesia), and (4) the background flow of gases that is chosen.
A background flow that supplies only the gases/vapors required (taken up) by the patient (a « closed circuit ») produces the least cost but also the least control of anesthetic level, whereas a high flow prevents rebreathing (a non-rebreathing system) but produces the greatest cost and control.
Mots-clés Pascal : Anesthésique général, Composé volatil, Analyse coût, Economie santé, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude comparative, Desflurane, Isoflurane
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : General anesthetic, Volatile compound, Cost analysis, Health economy, North America, America, Comparative study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0132906
Code Inist : 002B02B08. Création : 199406.