Impregnation of bednets and curtains with suitable pyrethroids may reduce entomological inoculation rates (EIR) and malaria incidence.
We conducted a quasi-experimental pilot study over 3 months in Western Kenya on 20 houses with 54 children.
Ten houses in the experimental site received sisal curtains treated with permethrin at either 0.5 g/ m2 or 0.1/m2.
Control houses had untreated curtains or none.
Mosquito vector density (MVD), man biting rates (MBR), and residual insecticidal effects (RIE) of permethrin were determined every two weeks.
MED was reduced by 97.7% and 98.7% in houses from the 2 experimental groups with a 60% reduction with unimpregnated curtains.
MBR varied from 6.4 (no curtains), 1.7 (unimpregnated), 0.7 (0.5 g/m2 curtains) to 0.4 (1.0 g/m2curtains).
Mots-clés Pascal : Vecteur, Anopheles, Paludisme, Imprégnation, Lutte sanitaire, Efficacité, Pyréthrinoïde, Permethrin, Insecticide, Programme sanitaire, Kenya, Rideau, Moustiquaire, Culicidae, Diptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Protozoose, Infection, Afrique, Parasitose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vector, Anopheles, Malaria, Impregnation, Sanitary control, Efficiency, Pyrethroids, Insecticide, Sanitary program, Kenya, Bednet, Culicidae, Diptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Protozoal disease, Infection, Africa, Parasitosis
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0111833
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 199406.