Evaluation of the extent and outcome of HIV testing in Sweden.
Data from screening programmes, laboratory and clinical reports were compared and a national survey on HIV testing was performed.
The proportion found to be positive in screening of blood donors, pregnant women and sexually transmitted disease patients were approximately 1/100000, 1/10000 and 1-2/1000, respectively.
One-quarter of the men and one-third of the women in Sweden aged 16-74 years reported that they had been tested for HIV at least once.
There is a high cost involved in detecting HIV-infected individuals through general testing.
This cost can be justified if we believe that awareness of an infection substantially reduces the risk of further transmission.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Sérologie, Prévalence, Dépistage, Anticorps, Suède, Europe, Programme sanitaire, Homme, Analyse avantage coût, Exploration immunologique, Hémopathie, Immunopathologie, Economie santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Serology, Prevalence, Medical screening, Antibody, Sweden, Europe, Sanitary program, Human, Cost benefit analysis, Immunological investigation, Hemopathy, Immunopathology, Health economy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0108484
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.