Prevalence and transmission of HTLV-I infection in Natal/KwaZulu.
A community-based seroprevalence survey for human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) was undertaken in the Ngwelezane district of Natal/KwaZulu.
A total of 1 018 individuals was interviewed for risk factors and had blood drawn for serological examination.
To exclude antibody cross-reactivity between anti-HTLV-I and anti-HTLV-II all Western blot HTLV-I-positive samples were further subjected to a Select HTLV test.
For comparison, anonymous HIV testing was done.
The areas of residence of patients with myelopathy associated with HTLV-I were also ascertained.
The seroprevalence of HTLV-I was 2,6% (95% confidence interval (CI) 1,62-3,58).
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Virus HTLV1, Retroviridae, Virus, Prévalence, Séropositivité, Epidémiologie, Homme, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Virose
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, HTLV-I virus, Retroviridae, Virus, Prevalence, Seropositivity, Epidemiology, Human, South Africa, Africa, Viral disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0088228
Code Inist : 002B05C02I1E. Création : 199406.