Antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) were measured in 1,5 80 Ethiopian subjects representing urban and rural populations.
Sera found positive by a repeated second generation enzyme immunoassay (EIA) were subjected to three additional confirmatory tests.
The overall confirmed seroprevalence was 2.0%. Less than 1% were confirmed to be seropositive in rural communities, with 1.4% positive among blood donors, 1.6% positive among patients with dermatologic disorders, 3.6% among leprosy patients, and 6.0% among patients attending a University Hospital clinic for newologic disorders.
The patients in the groups with leprosy and neurologic disorders have most likely been in ill health for many years and have sought relief by traditional healers or treatment at poorly equipped clinics.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale C, Virose, Infection, Anticorps, Sérologie, Dépistage, Méthode immunoenzymatique, Etude statistique, Ethiopie, Afrique, Prévalence, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis C, Viral disease, Infection, Antibody, Serology, Medical screening, Enzyme immunoassay, Statistical study, Ethiopia, Africa, Prevalence, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0088178
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 199406.