A comparative study of the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in two institutions for the mentally handicapped was carried out between April and November 1989 and April and August 1991.
The institutions were situated within 10 km of each other in north-eastern Johannesburg.
One institution had a significantly higher prevalence of virus markers, 68% (139 of 203) compared with 23% (40 of 176), was in poorer condition and had more severely handicapped residents with more aggressive behaviour.
However, the most important difference between the two institutions was that residents at the higher-prevalence institution were admitted at a considerably younger age.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Prévalence, Institution spécialisée, Arriération mentale, Homme, Epidémiologie, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Foie pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Prevalence, Specialized institution, Mental retardation, Human, Epidemiology, South Africa, Africa, Hepatic disease, Digestive diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0084817
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 199406.