The objective of this study was to find the best tests for efficiently estimating the true prevalence of Bancroftian filariasis in endemic areas.
The study population comprised 427 people over 10 years of age in an endemic village in Egypt.
Four tests were evaluated; a standardized clinical examination, night blood examinations for microfilariae (50 muL thick films and 1 mL membrane filtration), and a test for circulating filarial antigen. 191 subjects (44.75%) had at least one positive test and were considered to have filariasis.
The sensitivities of clinical examination, thick films, membrane filtration and antigen testing for filariasis were 16%, 50%, 64%, and 88%, respectively.
Mots-clés Pascal : Filariose, Nématodose, Helminthiase, Parasitose, Infection, Wuchereria bancrofti, Nematoda, Nemathelminthia, Helmintha, Invertebrata, Diagnostic, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Egypte, Afrique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Filariosis, Nematod disease, Helminthiasis, Parasitosis, Infection, Wuchereria bancrofti, Nematoda, Nemathelminthia, Helmintha, Invertebrata, Diagnosis, Prevalence, Epidemiology, Egypt, Africa, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0084539
Code Inist : 002B05E03B4D. Création : 199406.