A population-based case-control study was performed to investigate etiologic factors for wheezing bronchitis and asthma in children up to four years of age.
A total of 199 children hospitalized for the first time with these diagnoses at a major hospital in Stockholm in 1986-1988 constituted the cases, 351 children from the catchment area of the hospital were used as controls.
Information on known and suspected risk factors was obtained through home interviews with a parent.
Parental smoking was associated with a relative risk of 1.8 (95% confidence interval 1.3-2.6) corresponding to a population attributable proportion of 27%. The strongest association was seen for maternal smoking and children below 18 months of age.
Mots-clés Pascal : Bronchite, Enfant, Homme, Facteur risque, Asthme, Epidémiologie, Toxicité, Tabagisme passif, Parent, Suède, Europe, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive, Wheezing, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Bronchitis, Child, Human, Risk factor, Asthma, Epidemiology, Toxicity, Passive smoking, Parent, Sweden, Europe, Respiratory disease, Bronchus disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0075571
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199406.