Neuropsychological assessment of organic solvent effects in South Africa : test selection, adaptation, scoring, and validation issues.
International symposium on neurobehavioral methods and effects in occupational and environmental health. Tokyo (JPN), 1991/07/08.
The neurobehavioral effects of organic solvent exposure were assessed in 68 South African workers in a paint manufacturing plant in which the maximum current combined solvent level in workplace air was 0.72 of the Threshold Limit Value.
A 17-test battery was assembled from the WHO-NCTB, NES 2, and the University of South Africa Neuropsychological Assessment Procedure.
Extensive modifications were made to some tests in the battery, using a guided learning rationale derived from the cross-cultural literature.
In light of test correlations with demographic variables (age, education, and alcohol consumption), the construct and likely predictive validity of the tests in the battery are reviewed, and promising procedures identified.
Mots-clés Pascal : Solvant organique, Toxicité, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Industrie peinture vernis, Test neuropsychologique, Pays en développement, Négroïde, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organic solvent, Toxicity, Human, Occupational exposure, South Africa, Africa, Paint and varnish industry, Neuropsychological test, Developing countries, Negroid, Occupational medicine
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Cote : 94-0065692
Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 199406.