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  1. HIV infection in injecting drug users attending centres in England and Wales, 1990-1991.

    Article - En anglais


    To monitor trends in HIV infection and associated risk behaviours in injecting drug users (IDU) in England and Wales.


    Ongoing voluntary unlinked anonymous cross-sectional survey.


    IDU attending centres in 1990 and 1991 were invited to complete a brief questionnaire requesting demographic and behavioural information, and to provide a saliva sample to be tested for antibodies to HIV and to the core antigen of hepatitis B virus (HBV).


    In 1990, 1.2% (19 out of 1543) of samples from 33 centres, and in 1991 1.8% (25 out of 1417) of samples from 37 centres contained antibody to HIV.

    Antibody to HBV core-antigen was found in 33 and 31% of IDU in 1990 and 1991, respectively.

    The prevalence of HIV infection in IDU attending centres in London (4.2%) was higher than in those attending centres elsewhere (0.8%).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Virus hépatite B, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Voie intraveineuse, Epidémiologie, Dépistage, Facteur risque, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Pays de Galles, Salive, Exploration microbiologique, Exploration immunologique, Anticorps, Antigène HBc, Prévalence, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Comportement sexuel, Hémopathie, Immunopathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Hepatitis B virus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Intravenous administration, Epidemiology, Medical screening, Risk factor, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Wales, Saliva, Microbiological investigation, Immunological investigation, Antibody, Hepatitis B core antigen, Prevalence, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Sexual behavior, Hemopathy, Immunopathology

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0063726

    Code Inist : 002B03D. Création : 199406.