We conducted a serological survey of pregnant women attending prenatal clinics in northeastern Romania to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in this population.
Overall, 162 (28%) of 573 women had evidence of past or current HBV infection, and 48 (8.4%) were carriers.
The prevalence of past or current infection rose with age, but did not differ by educational level, occupation, or rural versus urban residence.
Integration of hepatitis B vaccine into routine childhood immunization schedules, with the first dose given at birth, may have a substantial impact on HBV infection in Romania by preventing both perinatal and early childhood transmission.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Sérologie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Femelle, Gestation, Prévalence, Roumanie, Europe, Nord est
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Serology, Epidemiology, Human, Female, Pregnancy, Prevalence, Romania, Europe, Northeast
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0060408
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 199406.