The ecology of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in different agro-climatological areas of Sri Lanka was studied in relation to the abundance of mosquito vectors, infection in domestic livestock, and human infection and disease.
There was an inverse correlation between altitude and the abundance of potential JE vectors, as well as JE seroprevalence in domestic livestock and in man.
Little or no JE infection was documented above 1200 m elevation.
JE seroprevalences in cattle and goats were better predictors of human infection risk than was porcine seroprevalence.
In areas with asynchronous porcine infection occurring over many months, high overall JE seroprevalence in pigs was found with little evidence of human infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Encéphalite japonaise, Arbovirose, Virose, Infection, Sri Lanka, Asie, Epidémiologie, Vecteur, Climat, Animal domestique, Répartition géographique, Homme, Infestation, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Japanese encephalitis, Arbovirus disease, Viral disease, Infection, Sri Lanka, Asia, Epidemiology, Vector, Climate, Domestic animal, Geographic distribution, Human, Infestation, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0055526
Code Inist : 002B05C02I1D. Création : 199406.