Trends in the epidemiology of infections due to Shigella species over a period of 6 years (1986-1991) in Israel were studied by analysis of the results of 51,300 stool cultures, of which 2,987 yielded Shigella species.
In a university hospital, the relative prevalence of Shigella sonnei in patients with shigellosis increased over the years from 60% in 1986 to 91% in 1991 (r=0.93; P =.007); concomitantly, the prevalence of Shigella flexneri decreased from 29% to only 8% (r= -0.80; P<.05).
In the community, the increase in prevalence of S. sonnei was more moderate and occurred only from 1989 to 1991.
Since 1990, S. sonnei has been isolated from more hospitalized patients than has S. flexneri, in contrast to their rates of isolation in the past.
Mots-clés Pascal : Shigellose, Bactériose, Infection, Shigella sonnei, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Shigella flexneri, Exploration microbiologique, Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella boydii, Epidémiologie, Israël, Asie, Fèces, Prévalence, Homme, Isolement, Appareil digestif pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Shigellosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Shigella sonnei, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Shigella flexneri, Microbiological investigation, Shigella dysenteriae, Shigella boydii, Epidemiology, Israel, Asia, Feces, Prevalence, Human, Isolation, Digestive diseases
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0054820
Code Inist : 002B05B02F. Création : 199406.