A total of 14740 schoolchildren in seven provinces of Shoa Administrative Region in Central Ethiopia were surveyed for the prevalence of goitre, xerophthalmia and anaemia.
Haemoglobin and packed cell volume were assessed in 966 children in one province while an in-depth study was conducted on 344 children in the same province and two others.
Goitre, xerophthalmia (Bitot's spots) and clinical anaemia were observed in 34.2, 0.91 and 18.6% respectively of the children.
Most biochemical variables were within the normal range while those of haemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular Hb concentration (MCHC) and urinary I excretion were lower, and mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular Hb (MCH), and immunoglobulins G and M were higher.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant, Homme, Etat nutritionnel, Elément minéral, Oligoélément, Vitamine, Ethiopie, Afrique, Fer, Iode, Rétinol, Age scolaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child, Human, Nutritional status, Inorganic element, Oligoelement, Vitamin, Ethiopia, Africa, Iron, Iodine, Retinol, School age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0053560
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199406.