Relationship of drinking alcohol and smoking to prevalence of open-angle glaucoma.
To evaluate a possible association of glaucoma with alcohol ingestion and cigarette-smoking behavior.
A population-based survey was performed of persons 43 to 84 years of age in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin (n=4926).
The diagnosis of glaucoma was based on visual field testing, measurement of intraocular pressure, and cup-to-disc ratios based on detailed protocols for examination, measurement, and gradings of photographs.
Alcohol intake and smoking history were based on questionnaire responses.
The prevalence of glaucoma in « heavy drinkers, » whether current or past, was contrasted with the prevalence in those not reporting heavy drinking.
Prevalences in never, past, and current smokers were compared.
Mots-clés Pascal : Glaucome angle ouvert, Homme, Wisconsin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Alcoolisme, Exploration, Etude statistique, Tabagisme, Pathogénie, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Tonus oculaire, Prévalence, Champ visuel, Oeil pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Open angle glaucoma, Human, Wisconsin, United States, North America, America, Alcoholism, Exploration, Statistical study, Tobacco smoking, Pathogenesis, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Intraocular pressure, Prevalence, Visual field, Eye disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0049090
Code Inist : 002B09J. Création : 199406.