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  1. Relationship of drinking alcohol and smoking to prevalence of open-angle glaucoma.

    Article - En anglais


    To evaluate a possible association of glaucoma with alcohol ingestion and cigarette-smoking behavior.


    A population-based survey was performed of persons 43 to 84 years of age in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin (n=4926).

    The diagnosis of glaucoma was based on visual field testing, measurement of intraocular pressure, and cup-to-disc ratios based on detailed protocols for examination, measurement, and gradings of photographs.

    Alcohol intake and smoking history were based on questionnaire responses.

    The prevalence of glaucoma in « heavy drinkers, » whether current or past, was contrasted with the prevalence in those not reporting heavy drinking.

    Prevalences in never, past, and current smokers were compared.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Glaucome angle ouvert, Homme, Wisconsin, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Alcoolisme, Exploration, Etude statistique, Tabagisme, Pathogénie, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Tonus oculaire, Prévalence, Champ visuel, Oeil pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Open angle glaucoma, Human, Wisconsin, United States, North America, America, Alcoholism, Exploration, Statistical study, Tobacco smoking, Pathogenesis, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Intraocular pressure, Prevalence, Visual field, Eye disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 94-0049090

    Code Inist : 002B09J. Création : 199406.