We wanted to assess the quantitative importance of asbestos as a cause of lung cancer.
In a case-referent study, the exposure to asbestos, tobacco smoke and some other occupational exposures were compared between 147 cases of lung cancer (100 men, 47 women), 111 hospital referents, and 109 population referents, all below the age of 75 yrs and living in an industrial city.
The attributable irk of lung cancer due to asbestos exposure was 16% in men (95% confidence interval 1-31%). No woman had occupational exposure to asbestos.
We conclude that in the mid 1980's tobacco smoking was the major attributable risk, being 95% for men and 78% for women, but that in men asbestos was an appreciable contributing factor in the general population of a Swedish industrial city.
Mots-clés Pascal : Asbestose, Suède, Europe, Homme, Epithélioma, Bronchopulmonaire, Zone industrielle, Etiologie, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Pneumoconiose, Maladie professionnelle, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie, Tumeur maligne
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Asbestosis, Sweden, Europe, Human, Carcinoma, Bronchopulmonary, Industrial area, Etiology, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease, Pneumoconiosis, Occupational disease, Lung disease, Bronchus disease, Malignant tumor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0046086
Code Inist : 002B11C. Création : 199406.