A school-based study conducted in 1990, 1 year after Hurricane Hugo, investigated the frequency and correlates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 1,264 adolescents aged 11-17 years residing in selected South Carolina communities.
Data were collected via a 174-item self-administered questionnaire that included a PTSD symptom scale.
A computer algorithm that applied decision rules of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised to the symptoms reported was used to assign a diagnosis of PTSD and to designate the number of individuals who met the reexperiencing (20%), avoidance (9%), and arousal (18%) criteria.
Rates of PTSD were lowest in black males (1.5%) and higher, but similar, in the remaining groups (3.8-6.2%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Posttraumatisme syndrome, Ouragan, Adolescent, Homme, Epidémiologie, Stress, Caroline du Sud, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Sinistre, Prévalence, Race, Sexe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Posttraumatic syndrome, Hurricane, Adolescent, Human, Epidemiology, Stress, South Carolina, United States, North America, America, Disaster, Prevalence, Race, Sex
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0033277
Code Inist : 002B18C08D. Création : 199406.