We examined the presence, magnitude, and consequences of systematic and random errors caused by terminal digit preference in the measurement of highest systolic blood pressure during prenatal visits in 28,841 non-referred pregnant women who delivered between 1 January 1982 and 31 March 1990.
In the overall distribution of terminal digit readings, 78% were read to 0, 15% to even digits other than 0, 5% to 5, and only 2% to odd digits other than 5. This preference for 0's was consistent across the entire distribution of blood pressure and for a variety of maternal characteristics.
The relative frequency of the cutoff value of 140 mmH g (i.e. the percentage of readings on 140 mmHg) within the range containing the value (i.e. 138-142 mmHg) was similar to the relative frequency of other multiples of 0.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypertension artérielle, Epidémiologie, Pression sanguine, Méthodologie, Biais méthodologique, Erreur mesure, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hypertension, Epidemiology, Blood pressure, Methodology, Methodological bias, Measurement error, Human, Cardiovascular disease
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0021286
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 199406.