The association of air pollution and mortality : examining the case for inference.
An association between air pollution measured as particulate matter, and mortality has been reported in several different locations.
These studies have been conducted over a wide range of climates and populations.
The time-series studies, which examine the joint occurrence of daily fluctuations in air pollution and mortality, provide the strongest evidence of a true association.
However, several criteria, including the consistency of the results, need to be explored before causality is inferred from these studies.
A striking consistency in the results was observed, after the different studies were converted into a common metric.
The mean effect of an 10 mug/m3 change in PM10 implied by these studies varies between 0.64 and 1.49%.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution air, Homme, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Polluant, Toxicité, Particule en suspension, Aérosol, Acide, Soufre dioxyde, Variation géographique, Variation journalière, Mécanisme action, Milieu urbain, Etude transversale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Air pollution, Human, Mortality, Epidemiology, Pollutant, Toxicity, Suspended particle, Aerosols, Acids, Sulfur dioxide, Geographical variation, Daily variation, Mechanism of action, Urban environment, Cross sectional study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 94-0010536
Code Inist : 002B03M02. Création : 199406.