Protective effects of raw vegetables and fruit against lung cancer among smokers and ex-smokers : a case-control study in the Tokai Area of Japan.
In a hospital-based case control study, the protecting effects of fruit, raw and green vegetables against lung cancer risk among male smokers were studied in 282 cases and the same number of controls.
The current smokers showed a 6.61-fold increased risk of lung cancer.
The odds ratio (OR) declined markedly with starting age of smoking habit and increased markedly with number of cigarettes smoked per day.
The ex-smokers showed a 3.56-fold increased risk of lung cancer.
The ORs gradually decreased with years passed since cessation of smoking.
In the single factor analysis, significant protective effects of fruit, raw vegetables, green vegetables, lettuce and cabbage against lung cancer were found.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Tabagisme, Fruit, Japon, Asie, Bronchopulmonaire, Facteur risque, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Régime alimentaire, Alimentation, Légume, Prévention, Homme, Crudité, Etude cas témoin, Epidémiologie, Poumon pathologie, Bronche pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Tobacco smoking, Fruit, Japan, Asia, Bronchopulmonary, Risk factor, Respiratory disease, Diet, Feeding, Vegetable, Prevention, Human, Epidemiology, Lung disease, Bronchus disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0650619
Code Inist : 002B11A. Création : 199406.